Top Medal Winners – Countries
Country G S B Total 1. France 29 41 32 102 2. USA 20 14 19 53 3. Great Britain 17 8 10 35 4. Belgium 8 7 5 20 5. Switzerland 6 2 1 9 6. Australia 4 - 4 8 7. Germany 3 2 2 7 8. Denmark 2 3 2 7 9. Hungary 1 3 2 6 10. Austria 0 3 3 6 11. Holland 1 1 3 5 12. Norway 0 2 3 5 13. Italy 2 2 0 4 14. Canada 1 0 1 2 15. Sweden 1 0 1 2 16. Cuba 1 1 0 2 17. India 0 2 0 2 18. Spain 0 1 0 1
- Date:14 May to the 28 October
- Competing Countries: 26
- Male athletes: 1206
- Female athletes: 19
- Most medaled country: France (102)
- Kraenzlein(U.S.)wins four track and field golds — 60 meters, 110-meter hurdles, 200-meter hurdles and the long jump.
- Margaret Abbott scores U.S.’s first female Olympic championship in the nine-hole women’s golf event.
- Cricket , croquet ,rugby & live pigeon-shooting make their only Olympic appearances.
- The pigeon-shooting is barred from future Games after Leon de Lunden of Belgium kills 21 birds.
Greece’s claim to the right to host all Olympiards led to a great deal of controversy. However the problem was solved when the Greek-Turkish war broke out. Also, de Coubertin’s wish to internationalise the games put Greece out of contention. Thus, the second Olympiad was hosted by Paris.
The 1900 Paris Olympics was held at the same time as the Universal World Exhibition. It took place over a five-month period from May to October. The Games received little notice as all attention was focussed
on the new Eiffel Tower and the World Fair. Also there was a lack of publicity and organisation.
Thus, the public hardly took any notice of the Games.
Even today it is uncertain as to which events were official Olympic events. As an example, Margaret Abbott of the U.S. entered a golf tournament as a joke, she is on record as the first American woman to have won a gold medal.
Unfortunately, she died in 1955 without knowing this. There was also a strange mix of sporting events (eg: The fencing competition was held in the Exhibition’s cutlery area!).
|Another problem was that some athletes would
not compete on a Sunday, being a holy day.
Myer Prinstein, holder of the
world long jump record, agreed not to compete on a Sunday,
while Alvin Kraenzlein of the US won the gold for the long jump which took place on a Sunday.Kraenzlein won the 60m, 110m and 200m hurdles, and the long jump.
He was the Games most successful competitor. He was at that point the only
athletics competitor to win four titles in one year.
Australia in the 1900 Paris Olympic Games
Australia was represented by Stan Rowley (athletics), Fred Lane(swimming), and Donald Mackintosh (shooting).
|Lane, swimming in the River Seine, won two swimming events.
The races were run in yards rather than metres.
His time of 2min 25,2 seconds bettered his own world record of 2min 38.2 sec.
However, he won with the river current.
He was not awards gold medals but
instead received bronze sculptures of a horse and a peasant girl –
replicas of exhibits in the Louvre.
He did not receive any gold medals.Instead he was rewarded with two 25 kilogram bronze sculptures
(one of a horse and the other of a peasant girl, replicas of exhibits in
the Louvre museum).
Rowley represented Australia and India and is the only competitor to have ever represented two countries at the one Olympics. Rowley’s participation in the 5000m cross-country event is of special
interest. Although he had never run this distance, he was persuaded by English friends to complete on their team as they were one man short.
Only Britain and France competed in the event. Rowley chose to walk as he had not run this distance before. He took so long that the officials lost patience waiting for him to complete the course. They gave him 10th place so that they could go home.
Mackintosh did not realise that he was competing in the Olympics. He beat the Marqués de Villaviciosa (Spain) by one kill (22 successive kills of pigeons) in the Prix Centenaire de Paris. He finished third in the live pigeon shooting with 18 straight kills. The event was won by Leon de Lunden of Belgium (21 kills) with France’s Maurice Faure (20 kills) in second place. Fortunately this was the one and only Olympics event that involved the killing of animals.