1964 Tokyo Olympic Games

Top Medal Winners – Countries

     Country              G   S   B   Total 
 1.  USSR                30  31  35    96         
 2.  USA                 36  26  28    90
 3.  Germany             10  22  18    50
 4.  Japan               16   5   8    29
 5.  Italy               10  10   7    27
 6.  Poland               7   6  10    23
 7.  Hungary             10   7   5    22
 8.  Australia            6   2  10    18
 9.  Great Britain        4  12   2    18
10.  France               1   8   6    15 
11.  Czechoslovakia       5   6   3    14
12.  Romania              2   4   6    12 
13.  Bulgaria             3   5   2    10 
14.  Netherlands          2   4   4    10 
15.  Sweden               2   2   4     8 
16.  Turkey               2   3   1     6 
17.  Denmark              2   1   3     6 
18.  New Zealand          3   0   2     5 
18.  Finland              3   0   2     5 
20.  Yugoslavia           2   1   2     5 

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21.  Canada               1   2   1     4 
21.  Switzerland          1   2   1     4 
23.  Belgium              2   0   1     3 
24.  Trinidad             0   1   2     3 
25.  Korea                0   2   1     3 
26.  Tunisia              0   1   1     2 
27.  Iran                 0   0   2     2 
28.  Bahamas              1   0   0     1 
28.  India                1   0   0     1 
28.  Ethiopia             1   0   0     1 
31.  Pakistan             0   1   0     1 
31.  Philippines          0   1   0     1 
31.  Argentina            0   1   0     1 
34.  Brazil               0   0   1     1 
34.  Ghana                0   0   1     1 
34.  Ireland              0   0   1     1 
34.  Kenya                0   0   1     1 
34.  Mexico               0   0   1     1 
34.  Niger                0   0   1     1 
34.  Uruguay              0   0   1     1 
41.  Cuba                 0   1   0     1 

Outstanding Athletes

MenAthlete, Country               Sport                    G   S    B  Total 
Don Schollander,USA            Swimming                 4   -    -    4
Yukio Endo, JPN                Gymnastics               3   1    -    4
Stephen Clarke, USA            swimming                 3   -    -    3


                               WomenAthlete, Country               Sport                    G   S    B  Total
Vera Caslavska, TCH            Gymnastics               3   1    -    4
Sharon Stouder, USA            Swimming                 3   1    -    4
Larissa Latynina, USSR         Gymnastics               2   2    2    6
Statistics
Dates of Competition:10 October – 24 October
Participants:5140
Attendance: 93 nations
Male athletes: 4,457
Female athletes: 683
Most-medaled country: U.S. (92)
Sports:19
Events:163
Final Torchbearer:Yoshinori Sakai

History

The 1964 games were the first Olympic Games to be held in Asia and were opened by Emperor Hirohito.
He was Japan’s wartime leader. It was 26 years since Japan’s wartime government forced the Japanese Olympic Committee to resign as hosts of the 1940 Summer Games. Japan, as a defeated nation, had not been invited to the 1948 Games in London. Thus these games were a symbol of its acceptance of its new role in the world, and of the world’s acceptance of post war Japan.

Symbolically , the running of the last lap of the torch relay, and the lighting of the flame was performed by a young man, Yoshinori Sakai. This 19-year-old, was born near Hiroshima the day the bomb dropped.

The Japanese spared no expense, spending billions to rebuild Tokyo. Almost all the stadiums were newly erected. The swimming stadium was later called “a cathedral of sports” by Avery Brundage,(Chairman of the International Olympic Congress).

While the Judo hall which also received much praise was modelled on the traditional Japanese temple.

Where as 83 nations competed in the Rome Olympics, 93 nations participated in Tokyo.
This was to be the last time (until 1992) that a combined German team would compete in an Olympic Games. They were the largest team in these games with 377 competitors.

South Africa, because of it apartheid laws, was not invited.

In the swimming pool alone, 12 world and 6 Olympic records were broken.

The 18 year old American ,Don Schollander, was Tokyo’s most successful athlete. He won 2 individual and 2 relay gold medals to become the first swimmer to win 4 gold medals in one Games.
Sharon Stouder won 3 golds and a silver for the U.S. women.

And Australia’s Dawn Fraser, won the 100m freestyle for the third straight Olympics.

She set a new Olympic record (59.5 seconds).

In athletics, American Al Oerter won the discus for the third straight time. Suffering from a torn rib cartilage, he had to be treated with cortizone to allay the pain. Following in the footsteps of John Flanagan (who won the hammer throw in 1900,1904 and 1908), Oerter was the 2nd man in Olympic athletic history to win an individual event for the third time.
The Ethiopian, Abebe Bikila, wearing shoes and socks this time, became the first runner to win consecutive marathons. He won the gold having run the fastest marathon ever recorded (2:12:11.2). Bikila had undergone an appendectomy only 40 days before the marathon.

Bob Hayes of the U.S. equalled the world record of 10 seconds flat in the 100m. He then went on to record a sub-9 second 100m , while running the anchor leg in the 4x100m. New Zealander Peter Snell, the defending 800m champion, won both the 800m and 1,500m (last done in 1920) & Betty Cuthbert of
Australia won the women’s 400m.

The Soviet gymnast Larissa Latynina ended her career with 2 gold, 2 silver, & 2 bronze medals. Between 1956 & 1964 she was on the podium no less than 18 times. Another Russian, Tamara Press, also successfully defended her title. She won the shot-put, & then went on to win the discus.

One final surprise was the defeat of the Japanese in the most prestigious of the Judo events – the open category. Antonius Geesink of the Netherlands won the gold.

Australia At The 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games

Gold

  • Athletics-Women’s 400m : Betty Cuthbert.
    (She won 3 golds at the Melbourne
    Olympics 8 years earlier, but only 1 year before the Tokyo
    Games she switched to the 400m.This was her 4th gold medal. The only other female athlete who had up to
    this point matched this record was Fanny Blankers-Koen of Holland.)
  • Swimming-1500m freestyle : Bob Windle.
  • Swimming-200m butterfly : Kevin Berry.
  • Swimming-200m breaststroke : lan O’Brien.
  • Swimming-Women’s 100m freestyle : Dawn Fraser.
    (Dawn Fraser and 3 team mates received suspensions for
    alleged misconduct – For a joke, she had swum the moat
    surrounding the Emperor’s Palace. The resulting 10 year suspension on
    Fraser brought a premature end
    to her career. She was later awarded an MBE – Member of the British Empire.)
  • Yachting-5.5 metre class : Bill Northam, Peter Pod’ O’Donnell, James Dick’
    Sargeant.
    (Grandfather of 5 ,Bill Northam,
    was 59 years old when he won this gold.
    He became the oldest Australian to win an Olympic Gold medal.
    He was also the first Australian to win a gold medal in yachting.)

    Silver

  • Athletics- Women’s high jump : Michelle Mason-Brown.
    (She was the first Australian woman to win a medal in the high jump)
  • Swimming-Women’s 4 x 100m freestyle relay : Lyn Bell, Dawn Fraser, Jan Murphy, Robyn Thorn.

    Bronze

  • Athletics-Women’s 400m : Judy Amoore.
  • Athletics-Women s 200m : Marilyn Black.
  • Athletics-Women’s 80m hurdles : Pam Kilborn.
  • Athletics-10,000m : Ron Clarke.
    (The year before he set
    world records, in the 6 miles and the 10,000m.However,
    at Tokyo he could not reproduce this form.
    He was beaten into 3rd place by the American Billy Mills
    (an American Sioux Indian )
    and Tunisia’s Mohamed Gammoudi.He also finished 9th in both the
    5,000m and the marathon.)
  • Hockey-Men’s : Merv Crossman, Paul Dearing, Raymond Evans, Brian Glencross,
    Robin Hodder, John McBryde, Donald McWatters, Pat Nilan,
    Eric Pearce, Julian Pearce, Desmond Piper, Donald Smart,
    Anthony Waters, Graham Wood.
  • Judo-Open class : Ted Boronovkis.
    (This was the best result ever achieved by an Australian in Judo.)
  • Swimming-400m freestyle : Allan Wood.
  • Swimming-1500m freestyle : Allan Wood.
  • Swimming-4 x 100m freestyle relay : David Dickson, Peter Doak, John Ryan,
    Bob Windle.
  • Swimming-4 x 100m medley relay : Peter Reynolds, lan O’Brien, Kevin
    Berry,
    David Dickson.
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